Orthopedic treatment and surgery
Orthopedic is a vital branch of medical treatment and surgery that concerns with the health conditions and diseases that particularly affects our musculoskeletal system. It comprises bones, joints, ligament, tendons, our muscles and nerves. The orthopedic specialist or orthopedic surgeon effectively employed both surgical as well as non-surgical methods to perform various treatment to provide relief to the person suffering from degenerative diseases, spine disease, sports injuries, congenital disorders, infections as well as several other health conditions and problems that affect the musculoskeletal system.
Procedures involve in orthopedic treatment
Diagnosis: Every treatment begins with proper diagnosis and identification of musculoskeletal disorders through X-rays and blood tests
Treatment: It can be both surgical as well as purely medical. It depends on the condition of the injury or disease.
Rehabilitation: The aftercare and rehabilitation procedures are equally important as compare to diagnosis and treatment. To enhance and ameliorate the mobility, restoring strength and proper functionality in affected area, physiotherapy, physical activities and lifestyle changes is highly recommended under the guidance of expert and specialized orthopedic surgeon.
The most common orthopedic surgeries
Total Hip replacement
Total hip replacement is also known as arthroplasty. It involves the replacement of upper end portion of the thighbones which is called femur with the artificial metal ball placed in the hollow center of the femur. The harmed or damaged bone and cartilage is also detaches and replaced with prosthetic components. After the surgery is over, a conditioning or rehabilitation program will help you to get back to normal day to day activities faster enjoy healthy lifestyle.
Surgical treatment of knee injury (total knee replacement or partial knee replacement)
Total knee replacement procedure: It includes the replacement of knee with the artificial joint. It is a surgical treatment to provide relief to patient from severe knee pain. Osteoarthritis and severe knee-joint destruction are the major reason for total knee replacement.
Partial knee replacement: It involves the surgical replacement of the damaged or harmed knee portions with plastic and metal parts.
Spinal Disc replacement
During the procedure the damaged portion of the disc is surgically replaced with the artificial disc to provide relief from severs back pain. There are number of advance and latest treatment procedures employed these days to facilitates efficient result and better recovery.
Some other orthopedic injury and treatments are related to as such:
- Shoulder and elbow injury
- Hand and wrist injury
- Neck and back
- Spinal stenosis
- Spinal fusion
- Herniated disc
- Spinal infections or tumors